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Physical Therapy Rehabilitation

Physical therapy rehabilitation is a branch of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation that focused on prevention, diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal, cardiovascular and pulmonary systems. The main focus on this branch of medicine is to ensure healing and reduce the chances of permanent impairment, permanent disabilities. People who provide these services are called physiatrists. They help treat a wide range of problems for people in varying age groups with acute and chronic pains.

As any physiatrist will tell you, if you’re suffering from a physical problem, moving around, taking your medication, warming and up and cooling down before and after you exercise is a vital part of your exercise regime. Moving around too much before warming up or forgetting to perform cooling down exercises after training can cause serious injuries.

When a person is injured, not only will he need to take rests, medication, the injured person is usually required to take physical therapy rehabilitation to hasten the healing process. Resting and taking preventive measures allows the injured muscles, tendons and ligaments time to recover and heal. Physical therapy rehabilitation, on the other hand, helps strengthen the muscles in an effort to promote blood circulation and faster healing too. It includes a lot of stretching of the body, holistic body movements, moving around, warming up and cooling down exercises. That is why warming up and cooling down exercises is so important to sportsmen. These movements will decrease the chances of injuries during the game or during training sessions because stretching, warming up and cooling down loosens muscles, increases blood circulation and reduces the chance of developing injuries.

Physical therapy rehabilitation programs often encourage a patient to use some of the following types of movements to help hasten healing:

• dynamic movements • static active movements • static passive movements

Dynamic movements – dynamic movements help loosen muscles and increases strength. It involves full body or dynamic movements that increase blood flow to specific parts of a person’s body.

Static active movements – this is a stationary form of exercise that does not require any form of jumping, leaping or running…and yet, the muscles are being stretched and strengthened. Usually other limbs are involved in static active movements. Example, pulling one arm to the opposing side and holding the stretched arm with the other arm. This is a common cooling down exercise.

Static passive movements – usage of body weight or other forces to stretch injured muscles. Does not require usage of other muscles from other parts of the body.

When you undergo a physical therapy rehabilitation program, the physiatrist will help you treat your injury or physical problems with heat or cold packs, electrotherapies, massages, biofeedback, traction and therapeutic exercises. The one thing that a physiatrist does not do is perform surgery. In the event that the physiatrist think that surgery is necessary, he or she will refer you to a recommended surgeon or doctor.

If you don’t want to have to go through physical therapy rehabilitation, it’s important to remember that moving around or overexerting yourself without warming up or forgetting your cooling down exercises can cause serious, permanent or at least render you immobile for a period of time.
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