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Knee Pain

Searching for knee pain relief can be a difficult task if you know not the cause. Below you will find descriptions of common knee pain causes and the common symptoms associated with each such as knee swelling and pain behind knee.

Knee Arthritis - Arthritis of the knee arises when the friction reducing cartilage between the knee bones has been damaged or lost. Arthritis is usually recognizable by the grinding sensation experienced during knee movement. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and is caused simply by the gradual degeneration of the knees cartilage due to aging. Post Traumatic arthritis is another form of arthritis that is caused by a traumatic injury to the knee itself in which cartilage is severely damaged or lost.  Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease in which the body itself destroys the cartilage, and it is usually recognizable by the fact that both knees are affected by the same pain.

Knee Ligament Injuries - Ligament injuries occur when a ligament is damaged or torn as a result of direct stress or trauma during activity. It is most common among athletes, individuals involved in physically demanding activities, or they occur as a result of an accidental fall or twist. The main ligament injuries occur to the ACL, PCL, and MCL. You’ll most likely recognize an ACL injury immediately upon being injured, for they are often excruciatingly painful, and you’ll often hear a popping noise.  A PCL injury is characterized by pain below the front of the knee, and an MCL injury usually results from direct contact to the outside of the knee which creates a sharp pain within the knee.

Patellar Tendonitis - The most common knee tendonitis involves the patellar tendon. The patellar tendon connects your kneecap to your shinbone, and the pain is usually felt over the front of the knee. This particular knee pain is usually found in individuals who are repeatedly jumping, most often athletes participating in basketball, volleyball, etc.

Chondromalacia Patella - This minor condition is characterized by pain felt under the kneecap itself. It is usually the result of excessive running, walking, or climbing. The cartilage under the kneecap, which acts as a shock absorber of sorts, can become damaged by overuse. The pain can be quite discomforting, however will usually go away with proper rest and icing.

Knee Bursitis - Bursitis of the knee is when the bursae (or friction reducing fluid) of the knee have become damaged or inflamed due to overuse and repeated physical activity. The increased friction between the knee tendons and knee bones is what causes you to feel pain, usually above the kneecap. Bursitis of the knee is very common among people who spend a lot of time gardening or working on their knees.

This information can be very useful for identifying probable causes; however the information is by no means exhaustive and should not be taken as expert medical advice. Consult your doctor for professional medical advice.

For other forms of leg pain be sure to read the lower leg pain, leg swelling, and leg muscle pain pages.
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