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Leg Pain

Leg Muscle Strain – A muscle strain occurs when the leg muscle is overstretched and tears. Often referred to as a pulled muscle, these strains are caused by accidental injury, overuse, or improper use of the leg muscles. Symptoms of a strained muscle include leg muscle pain while moving the muscle, bruising, a burning sensation, and leg swelling. Treatment should start with icing the muscle on and off for three days, rest and the avoidance of use.

Shin Splints – Shin Splints cause lower leg pain surrounding the shin bone. They are caused by the repeated impact endured while the leg is supporting the body. Shin Splints are very common with runners and athletes who run for an extended period of time. The best treatment for Shin Splints is to simply discontinue the activity that caused the problem and rest until the splints are healed.

Peripheral Vascular Disease - Peripheral Vascular Disease (PAV) limits the amount of blood flowing to the peripheral arteries of the body, including the legs. The specific name given to leg pain resulting from PAV is Cluadication. Symptoms include leg pain worse with light exercise (walking)and better with rest, coldness of the legs, numbness of the legs, lack of color in the legs, and scaly leg skin. If you feel you may be suffering from suffering from such symptoms contact your doctor for professional diagnosis.

Varicose Veins – Varicose Veins are swollen veins that can be very painful due to the abnormal collection of blood. This collection of blood is a result of improperly functioning valves that allow blood to remain in the vein instead of rapidly flowing to the heart. Relief usually comes when you avoid standing for long periods of time, and when you elevate the legs while resting or sleeping.

Muscle Cramp – Muscle cramps, or charley horses, are often the result of dehydration with low amounts of sodium, potassium, calcium or magnesium in the blood. They can also be caused by overuse, or by leaving the leg in the same position for an extended period of time. Treatment usually begins by hydration, compression through bandage wrapping, and the introduction of salt and potassium (banana’s are a good source) into the blood.

If you’re looking for information on knee pain be sure to check out the pages on knee pain relief, knee swelling, and pain behind knee.  To get information on foot pain & learn how to reduce swelling in foot visit the foot pain relief & foot arch pain pages.
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