– The technical name for fallen arches or flat feet is Pes Planus. This is a condition where the arch of the foot is in contact with the ground. Some have been born with this condition, others develop it early in their life when two of the foot bones become fused together limiting arch development. Foot arch pain resulting from Pes Planus can usually be alleviated by wearing specialized footwear.Sprains
– Foot or ankle sprains occur when ligaments around the joints are damaged. When the joint ligaments are stretched and torn the associated joints will become painful and swollen. These injuries occur when the joints are moved in an unnatural direction. Treatment includes icing the injured area, limiting the movement of the injured foot, reduce swelling in foot by compressing it with abrace or bandage, and elevation of the foot when possible.Plantar Fasciitis
– Plantar Fasciitis is when the thick layer of skin on the bottom of the foot becomes swollen and irritated causing pain while standing, walking or running. The most commonly affected area is the heel. Causes include obesity, foot arch problems (Pes Planus), a tight Achilles tendon, sudden weight gain, and sustained running or walking. Treatment includes heel stretching, orthopedic inserts for the shoe, splinting the foot at night, and anti-inflammatory medication. Complete foot pain relief typically takes up to nine months, however this varies on a case by case basis. Please visit About.com
for more information on Plantar Fasciitis.Calluses & Corns
– Calluses, or corns, are caused by repeated friction and pressure on the foot. This friction causes thick layers of skin to form which can sometimes be painful. The only treatment necessary is to reduce the callus causing friction. This can be achieved by wearing better fitting shoes, using shoe inserts, or wearing thicker socks.
For more information on pain affecting the leg be sure to read the pages on leg muscle pain
and knee pain relief